The 5 curators that made history

As we’ve seen before the definition of curator is he who takes care of organizing, managing and setting up an exhibition, whether it be in a museum or a gallery or somewhere else

It’s according to the choices of style and ideology of a curator that the defining aspect of an exhibition is defined, from an aesthetic as well as ideologic point of view; the curator offers the visitor a key for reading the artworks on display, therefore creating necessary conditions for interpreting an exhibition.
But there are important characters that have not only been faithful to such definition, but have also made important revolutions in the field of curating.
Changing the ways of representing as well as the relationships with artists, not limiting themselves to giving us an interpretation key, but being able to turn their exhibitions into perceptive experiences, philosophical journeys, deep and sometimes sentimental interpretations.
An innovative approach to displaying that makes the museum or exhibition a place where the creative process happens, making the set up itself a work of art. These people are very rare and we can surely say that they have marked a fundamental step in art history, here are the best five.

The 5 curators that made history - Harald Szeemann Harald Szeemann ( 1933–2005 )
Swiss art historian and curator Szeemann deserves to be among the 5 curators that made history because he invented the job of independent curator, free from museum institutions. His inclination towards an idea of art that was decidedly ideal was significant, that participated in the transformation of the museum institution with a consequent reconsideration of the curator’s role in this system and his relationship with the artists that Szeemann considered of fundamental importance. According to his thought an artwork isn’t conceived as starting from a material that becomes an artistic product, but rather it starts from an “aptitude” that produces the idea.
The 5 curators that made history - Jan Hoet Jan Hoet ( 1936–2014 )
He was Belgian art historian and curator. A charismatic utopian and anarchist. His exhibitions stand out because in them there’s no reference system, only the vital “chaos” of art is represented. In this perspective, the main relationship on which the critic-curator concentrates becomes that of relationship between artwork and territory and according to him this is the tie that creates the artwork’s density. What is great about Hoet is that he complies and continues with Szeemann’s analysis of the creative process as an internal boundary of contemporary artworks.
The 5 curators that made history - Clement Greenberg Clement Greenberg ( 1909–1994 )
He was an American art critic. His work deserves to be remembered because it tackles not only artistic themes, but social and political ones as well in an original and innovative perspective compared to the socialist culture that tended to subordinate social and cultural needs to political ones. He was already working with trends that later on would characterize the so-called Cultural Studies. A model for art critique even today, his approach is needed to understand contemporary art and its relationship with society. He was a reference point for many artists that would be universally recognized later on.
The 5 curators that made history - Roy Lichtenstein Germano Celant ( 1940 )
Italian art historian and curator, through his work he underlines his own personal concept of contemporary art considering it an abstract expression of global culture. In 1967 he coined the term “arte povera” using it to describe a group of Italian artists and also taking care of writing up a theoretical and physical list of this artistic movement, this idea was moved by the idea that the art of paintings and sculptures was already obsolete.
The 5 curators that made history - Harold Rosenberg Harold Rosenberg ( 1906–1978 )
He was an important American art critic, the first to use the term Action Painting and he did so for the first time in the essay “American Action Painters”. The term was coined to define a change in the activities of American artists during the ‘50s. Rosemberg redefined art considering it not as a product, but as a result of an action and process deriving especially from the physical movement of the artist, an action and not a pictorial static object. Rosemberg’s thought and critique influenced the American artistic environment of those years but also of those to come, contributing to the shaping of artistic movements like Fluxus and Conceptual.
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