The 5 best artists of the ‘30s

From a historical point of view the thirties were a decade of great fervor, in Italy fascism was taking hold and in Germany Nazism was gaining control, these are the years that saw the outbreak of World War II in an environment that still had to economically and morally stand back up after the previous war.
In the new world people were facing the great economic crisis that exploded in 1929: the famous “black Thursday”. But it’s when the crisis is hardest that art and its people are able to give an important answer, in fact these are years of great artistic creativity, in Italy there’s a strong cultural comeback of the 14th and 15th centuries, design was born in these years, and the streets were swarmed with large advertising and propaganda manifestos. This is the time when art meets the big public, and mass critique.

The 5 best artists of the ‘30s - Alexander Calder Alexander Calder ( 1898–1976 )
He can commonly be defined as an inventionist, during his whole artistic career he took on the invention of various objects. his sculptures are dynamic, always balanced and poised, many of them were built to be delicately moved by the wind, Duchamp coined a term to indicate this aspect and defined them as “Mobiles”. Calder was also the author of what is called the “Calder circus”, a sort of small format circus set inside a suitcase with which he put on traveling shows. Calder’s art is very particular and colored, it’s the art of show, innovative and fun, that found its peak during the ‘30s.
The 5 best artists of the ‘30s - René Magritte René Magritte ( 1898–1967 )
As much as he is considered one of the major representatives of surrealism he wasn’t obsessed with it, in fact his representations aren’t paranoid, rather they are interrogatives rich of indecipherable and enigmatic content. An obvious mark is the use of cold colors and a consolidated technique of Trompe d’oeil, those characteristics that perhaps separate him from other surrealists. His evocative power lies in instilling doubts on reality through the creation of reality itself. If on one hand his art doesn’t want to be confused with faithful representation, typical of photography, on the other there are times in which it tends to willingly compare itself with reality.
The 5 best artists of the ‘30s - Henry Spencer Moore Henry Spencer Moore ( 1898–1986 )
The ‘30s were years of great creativity for the British sculptor for what concerns his artistic production, especially thanks to the influence of that period’s avant grade movements. He mostly created large dimension artworks in marble and bronze, his sculptures are characterized by primitive forms in memory of an ancient art dedicated to fertility. He uses dynamic forms, and figures that often take on decidedly unnatural but always balanced positions. The themes that recur are fertility and femininity, used especially to lighten the feeling of fear of war of which the artist was a direct witness.
The 5 best artists of the ‘30s - Max Ernst Max Ernst ( 1891–1976 )
He was a German painter and sculptor that received many acknowledgments during his artistic career.
He had an almost maniacal passion for his art, which he kept alive for his whole life. He traveled a lot, he got to know the world and its cultures and was inspired by them, the passionate knowledge of Freud and his philosophy, the friendship with De Chirico and his visits to psychiatric hospitals were expressed through the use of collage in Dada style. Ernst is a multifaceted artist who wrote novels, published books, studied and expanded the technique of Frottage, he switched quickly from the Dada current to the surrealist one to then abandoned the latter as well.
The 5 best artists of the ‘30s - Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso ( 1881–1973 )
It’s diminishing to define Pablo Picasso as just a painter or sculptor, he was one of the XX century’s masters, he created a rich body of artwork of undeniable aesthetic quality, thanks to the unconditional support of critics and curators of international fame he was immediately set into the art market’s circuit.
Along with Braque Picasso was the father of Cubism, his production was so varied and articulated that art historians divide it into periods. He was an artist of extraordinary creativity and was a fundamental point of reference for entire generations of artists.
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