From a historical point of view the twenties were quite tumultuous, the political conditions that would bring to the outbreak of World War II just a decade later were starting to build up. The world was destroyed by the war, a period of re-construction and renewal started and America was seen as an example of growth that then collapsed after the crisis of 1929. On the artistic front the new continent was gearing towards a return to realist tendencies, many artists had been let down by the new avant-garde movements. In Europe abstractionism took hold, the idea was to declare a new method of aesthetic conception that wasn’t based on a loyal repetition of objects to portray. This concept would be carried on especially by Bauhaus during these years for what concerns figurative art, and applied arts and architecture as well. The Twenties are also the years of Surrealism, a direct consequence of Dadaism, born thanks to the importance that Breton gave to dreams and the subconscious in modern culture. Let’s go through these steps that are full of events and charged with artistic productions through the 5 best artists from the ‘20s.